Ijma in Islam | Importance of Ijma in Islamic Jurisprudence
Ijma is the third and secondary source of law which means “consensus”. It is an agreement among Muslims scholars upon a new raising issue. According to the need of the time, Allah gave sanction to Muslims to perform ijma because it is necessary to resolve to raise need of time. All schools of thought are agreed with this theory and perform as needed.
Meaning of Ijma
The word Ijma is driven from an Arabic word “AJMAA” which means agree upon a matter.
Definition of Ijma
An agreement upon a question of law of Muslims scholars at the same time.
Basis of Ijma
Quran in Favor of Ijma
Almighty Allah completed the Quran in all aspect and our Beloved Prophet (PBUH) is the last prophet of Allah. That is way new raising problems and their solution is also given in light of Islam.
Allah Says in Quran
- Obey God and obey the Prophet and those among you who have authority.
- You are the best of men, and it is your duty to order men to do what is right and forbid men what is wrong.
Ahadees Texts in Favor of Ijma
- My followers will never agree upon what is wrong.
- It is acted upon you to follow the main body.
- Whoever esprit himself from the main body will go to HEL.
Types of Ijma
Explicit Ijma: In this Islamic scholar express their views upon a rising Islamic issue discussed in a place.
Silent Ijma: In this Islamic scholar not clearly express their views on an issue and the majority remain silent.
Absolute Ijma: In this, there never has been any different views of Muslims scholar and not will be any different.
Who can perform Ijma
Qualification of mujahid must have the following qualities.
- Scholar of Quran and sunnah
- Expert of the Arabic language
- Known the principle of naskh
- Known Qiyas
- Familiar with traditional science
- Competent to explain the law
- Updated with knowledge of society
Validity of Ijma
- The agreement must take place among mujtahid.
- The agreement be animus
- The mujtahid must be formed in Islamic society.
- The agreement must be held according to Islamic rules.