In this project i am going to show A very useful and beautiful flip flop circuit 555. The circuit is able to blink 8 super bright blue and Reds LED’s. The circuit is build around a famous 555 timer IC which is wired as an a-stable multi vibrator here. The LED’s are classified in two pairs contains 8 LED’s. The no of LED’s can be increase and decrease according to your requirements and desire.
IC will blink each pair one by one or in a flip flop manner. A 10K variable resistor is used to adjust the flashing speed per.
Pin diagram and description of IC555
|1||GND||Ground reference voltage, low level (0 V)|
|2||TRIG||The OUT pin goes high and a timing interval starts when this input falls below 1/2 of CTRL voltage (which is typically 1/3 Vcc, CTRL being 2/3 Vcc by default if CTRL is left open). In other words, OUT is high as long as the trigger low. Output of the timer totally depends upon the amplitude of the external trigger voltage applied to this pin.|
|3||OUT||This output is driven to approximately 1.7 V below +Vcc, or to GND|
A timing interval may be reset by driving this input to GND, but the timing does not begin again until RESET rises above approximately 0.7 volts. Overrides TRIG which overrides threshold.
|5||CTRL||Provides “control” access to the internal voltage divider (by default, 2/3 Vcc).|
|6||THR||The timing (OUT high) interval ends when the voltage at threshold is greater than that at CTRL (2/3 Vcc if CTRL is open).|
|7||DIS||Open collector output which may discharge a capacitor between intervals. In phase with output.|
|8||Vcc||Positive supply voltage, which is usually between 3 and 15 V depending on the variation.|
IMPORTANT |FEATURES OF IC 555
Almost in every circuit 555 ic is used today. For a 555 timer working as a flip flop or as a multi-vibrator, it has a particular set of configurations. Some of the major features are as follows.
- Sinking or sourcing 200 mA of load current.
- It operates from a wide range of power ranging from +5 Volts to +18 Volts supply voltage.
- The output of a 555 timer can drive a transistor-transistor logic (TTL) due to its high current output.
- The external components should be selected properly so that the timing intervals can be made into several minutes along with the frequencies exceeding several hundred kilo hertz.
- It has a temperature stability of 50 parts per million (ppm) per degree Celsius change in temperature which is equivalent to 0.005 %/ °C.
- Also, the maximum power dissipation per package is 600 mW and its trigger and reset inputs has logic compatibility.
- The duty cycle of the timer is adjustable.