A Circuit that detects the fire and activates the Siren Sound or Buzzer is called Automatic Fir Alarm Circuit. It is very very important devices to detect fire in time and prevent damages to people or property.
It is a part of security system which protects people and precious property like bank, home and accounting record of an organization. Fire Alarm circuit is necessary part of today busy life. Many expensive Fire Alarm Circuits are available in the market but we are going to make 5 very simple Automatic Fir Alarm Circuits in this article.
Flame sensor circuit / Automatic Fire Detector Circuit uses only a IR receiver sensor to detect Flame or fire. and we have used a buzzer and a red led to show output of the circuit. It is very famous sensor in the world. To understand this circuit deeply see the diagram and the structure of circuit.
Description Automatic Fire Alarm Circuit
The following diagram of fire alarm circuit using transistor clearly shows that it will be triggered by IR Receiver sensor. when flame of drop on the IR sensor it trigger the transistor. Transistor gate open from emitter to collector and buzzer ring. Led will also glow.
2. Fire Alarm Circuit using Thermistor
In this Fir Alarm system we have used a thermistor as a heat sensor. When heat comes on this sensor its resistance increases and the transistor that is connected with this sensor turn on the circuit.
Components of Fire Alarm Circuit
- Thermistor 10k
- Variable resistor(POT)
- Diode in4007
- Resistor 220 to 500ohm
- BC547 NPN Transistor
- Speaker any
- Battery 6v to 9v
Circuit Diagram Simple Fire Alarm System
Fire Alarm using Thermistor and 555 ic
In this circuit we use thermistor with 555 timer ic instead of transistor to increase the sensitivity.
Circuit Diagram Fire Alarm Circuit
This Circuit consist of two stages. 1st stage of fire alarm circuit is input stage that is connected with thermistor. Second stage of fire alarm bell circuit consist of output stage.