How to make remote control on/off switch

This article is about infrared remote control on/off switch by using simple components. This is simple and easy to make even one can design it at home with simple parts. The main part of this on/off switch circuit is IC 4017.


Remote control on/off switch for controlling home appliances can be easily made using Decade Counter I.C CD4017 and (any TSOP can be used) infrared receiver.  This circuit can easily control your home appliances. Any type of remote can be used to control this circuit like DVD, TV, CD player, and so on.

ir remote control circuit

Stages of remote control on/off switch

This remote control on/off switch consists of two stages input stage and output stage. Detail about stages of remote control circuit is given below in detail.

Input Stage

The input stage consists of bc 557 PNP transistor, TSOP 4.7k, resistor, and 100uf capacitor. As we press any key of remote a signal generates and drops on the IR receiver (TSOP). TSOP trigger to bc557 and Bc 557 trigger to IC through pin 14 of IC 4017 (decade counter IC)

Output Stage

As IC Trigger through pin 14, a pulse generates on pin 2 of IC and remains on pin 2 till a new pulse. In this way, BC 547 turned on and relay also turned on through BC 547. As new pulse comes through input stage pulse on pin 2 transfer to pin 3 and in this way, BC 547 turned off and relay also turn off.

List of components

  • I.C (CD4017)
  • 6-volt relay
  • TSOP 1838
  • Transistor (BC547, Bc556)
  • 100uf Capacitor
  • Resistors (1k, 4.7k, 100ohm)
  • Green LED for on status 
  • Red LED for Off status

Working of remote control on/off switch

When firstly, power is applied  I.C 4017(decade counter i.c), output at PIN 3  is HIGH as we press the button of IR remote, then a LOW to HIGH clock pulse is applied to PIN 14 (first clock pulse) and output at pin 0(zero) becomes low and PIN 2 becomes HIGH. PIN 2 triggers the RELAY module, and the AC light becomes ON. Now this position will remain constant until the next clock pulse as we press the Button of IR remote again (second clock pulse), output at Q1 becomes LOW and Q2 becomes HIGH. This will deactivate the Relay and switch off the light. Because Q2 is connected to the RESET pin(pin 15) of 4017, it will reset the I.C and again output at Q 0(zero) becomes HIGH and Q 2 becomes LOW (initial state). So it works like a toggle switch.

simple on/off remote control circuit diagram

Ir remote control Circuit

If you want to control this circuit using 12 volts DC then you should use 7812 Regulators and if you want to operate it with 9 volts then use 7809 regulators.

Circuit diagram of the IR Remote Control Circuit, please click