Electrical Circuits and Types of Electrical circuits

An electric circuit is the conductive path for the flow of current is called electric circuit. A conductive wire is used for connectivity among the source of voltage and load. An ON/ OFF switch also used between the source and load.

Types of Electric Circuit

There are five (5) main types of the electric circuit: these circuits are divided with their nature as follows

  • Close circuitĀ 

  • Open circuit

  • Short circuit

  • Series circuit

  • Parallel circuit

Open and Closed Circuit

As Circuit is not completed and switch is on off position this condition is called open circuit and When load work by itself in the circuit it is called a closed circuit. in this case, the value of current flow depends on load. Both conditions are shown in the given below diagram:

electrical circuit

Short Circuit

when (+&-) points of voltage connect in a circuit gets joint with each other for any reason it is called a short circuit. In this situation the flow of current is maximum.
A mostly short circuit happens when conducting electrical wires get joint due to shorting in the load.

Short Circuits in Electrical

Series circuit

When there are two or more loads connected with each other in a series it is called series circuit. like as Bulb, LED,Fan etc . In the series circuit if one load gets fuse then remaining will not get power supply and not work. Circuit diagram of Series and parallel circuit is given below.

Series Circuit
Parallel Circuit

when two or more loads connected with each other side by side it is called parallel circuit. In this case or type of circuit voltage capacity of all loads is equal in input supply but the power of load can be different. In this circuit if one load or bulb get fuse then remaining will still get power supply.Circuit diagram of Series and parallel circuit is given below.

Parallel Circuit

Difference Between Series And Parallel Circuit

The basic difference series and parallel circuit is described in the given below Circuit diagram.

Series and parallel circuit