An electric circuit is the conductive path for the flow of current is called an electric circuit. A conductive wire is used for connectivity among the source of voltage and load. An ON/ OFF switch also used between the source and load. In this article, we are going to explain deeply Types of Electrical circuits.
Types of Electrical circuits
There are five (5) main types of the electric circuit: these circuits are divided with their nature as follows
- Close circuit
- Open circuit
- Short circuit
- Series circuit
- Parallel circuit
Open and Closed Circuit
As Circuit is not completed and the switch is on off position this condition is called an open circuit and When the load work by itself in the circuit it is called a closed circuit. in this case, the value of the current flow depends on the load. Both conditions are shown in the given below diagram:
when (+&-) points of voltage connect in a circuit gets joint with each other for any reason it is called a short circuit. In this situation the flow of current is maximum.
A mostly short circuit happens when conducting electrical wires get joint due to shorting in the load.
When there are two or more loads connected with each other in a series it is called a series circuit. like Bulb, LED, Fan, etc. In the series circuit if one load gets fuse then the remaining will not get power supply and not work. The circuit diagram of the Series and the parallel circuit is given below.
when two or more loads connected with each other side by side it is called a parallel circuit. In this case or type of circuit voltage capacity of all loads is equal in input supply but the power of the load can be different. In this circuit, if one load or bulb gets fuse then the remaining will still get power supply. The circuit diagram of the Series and the parallel circuit is given below.
Difference Between Series And Parallel Circuit
The basic difference series and the parallel circuit are described in the given Circuit diagram.