What are the Basic Sources of Islamic Law or Sharia
Islam is complete code of life. Islam is ‘Deen’ which mean complete in all aspects. Islamic law system is comprehensive and complete system which provides guidance in every aspect of the life. There are two basic fundamental sources of Islamic law or Sharia law are the Holy Quran and Sunnah of our beloved Prophet Muhammad (PBHH). All sects of Muslims whether Sunni or Shia or any other agree upon these two sources.
Quran as primary and basic source of Islamic law
The Quran is the first and Basic source of Islamic law. Quran is book of Allah which is sent on Muhammad (PBHH) and even after 1400 years it is in its original form and not a single word is changed. Quran provides primary laws which are the fundamentals of Islamic law. It is without any doubt the most basic, uncontroversial and fundamental source of Islamic Sharia or Islamic Laws.
Sunnah as 2nd basic source of Islamic law
The second basic source of Islamic laws is the Sunnah of our beloved Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). All the actions and saying of Holy Prophet is called Sunnah. Sunnah is also known as Hadis.
Mostly all rules are explained by Quraan and Sunnah but sometime there is no explanation of new created problem then Ijma is used to solved the new created problem. Ijma is 3rd basic source of Islamic Law. Basically Ijma means consensus or suggestion of people on particular issue when there is no guidance available from Holy Quran and Sunnah.
Ijtehad is the fourth source of Islamic jurisprudence. When something is not clear from the Holy Quran or Sunnah then deduction can be used. It is the process of deduction which is not to change the law of the text.
Qiyas is also the source of Islamic jurisprudence. We can compare it with legal fiction in western or urban Jurisprudence. It is based on Quran, Sunnah and Ijma.
These above mentioned source are main source of Islamic law other source includes;