Differences between Vector and Raster Graphics

The main difference between raster graphics and vector graphics is that raster graphics carry pixels while vector graphics carry paths. Explain the difference between raster and vector graphics, 1st of all we see a few important points about both. A pixel of a picture is the element known to be the smallest addressable element, and a bitmap refers to something which defines the pixel color and space of the display. It carries the information of each pixel.

Differences between Vector and Raster Graphics

Difference between Vector Graphics and Raster Graphics

Nowadays both Vector and raster graphics are widely used to produce digital photos, logos, and other digital images. Differences between Vector and Raster graphics are essential to know for the exam as well. The complete list of the differences is shown below:

Key Differences between Vector and Raster Graphics

The key difference between raster graphics and vector graphics are given below

Raster Graphics

Vector graphics
The Raster images are produced with pixels. The vector images are produced with curves and lines through equations.
Raster graphics are cheaper than vector graphics. Vector graphics are costlier than raster graphics.
The size of the raster graphics is bigger than the vector graphics. The size of vector graphics is small and hence occupies the lesser space.
The scan conversion of the endpoints into pixels is done. For vector graphics, scan conversion is not done.
Pixel approximation is done for the formation of curves and complex shapes. Smooth lines and curves are produced without the use of approximation.
.GIF, .JPG, .BMP, .TIF extensions are produced. .SVG, .EPS, .AI, .DXF, PDF extensions are produces

When to choose vector versus raster?

Vector graphics have a small size in file and scalability making them uniquely suitable for use in digital printing from business cards to billboards. Vector graphics are also used in lower thirds for web-based objects, videos, and rendering 2D/3D animation. The native files of vector graphics are needed for coin designs, t-shorts, laser engraving, patches, etc. Raster graphics are best for print materials and digital photos. If a project requires scalable shapes and solid colors then vector graphics is the best choice and if your project requires complex color blends, raster is the best choice.

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