BC557 Transistor Pinout, Equivalent, Features Features Specifications

BC557 transistor is a PNP bipolar junction general-purpose transistor used as a switch or amplifier in electronic circuits. It has 125 to 800 HFE ratings which make it an ideal transistor to use as a small signal amplifier in electronic circuits. The maximum collector dissipation is 500 milliwatts, another good feature of this transistor. Moreover, it performs well when used as a switch for loads under 100mA. BC557 transistor has also a good collector-to-emitter (VCE) value that is -45V, therefore you can easily use it in circuits using 40 to 45 volts DC. Besides these uses, BC557 is also a good general-purpose PNP transistor to use in your simple electronics projects so this transistor has to have in your electronics lab.

BC557 Transistor Pin Configuration

The pin configuration of the bc557 transistor is given below in the diagram.

BC557 Transistor pinout

Features of BC557 Transistor

  • Collector-Emitter Voltage (VCEO): The maximum voltage that can be applied across the collector and emitter of the transistor is 45V.

  • Collector-Base Voltage (VCBO): The maximum voltage that can be applied across the collector and base of the transistor is 50V.

  • Emitter-Base Voltage (VEBO): The maximum voltage that can be applied across the emitter and base of the transistor is 5V.

  • Collector Current (IC): The maximum continuous collector current is 100mA.

  • Power Dissipation (PD): The maximum power that the transistor can dissipate is 625mW.

  • DC Current Gain (hFE): The typical DC current gain of the transistor is between 100 and 600.

  • Transition Frequency (fT): The maximum transition frequency of the transistor is 150 MHz.

  • Low Noise: The transistor has low noise and distortion characteristics, making it ideal for use in low-power audio amplifier circuits.

  • Small size: The transistor is available in a small TO-92 package, making it easy to use in a variety of electronic circuits.

PNP Complementary of BC557 Transistor:

The complementary transistor to the BC557 is the BC547, which is an NPN transistor with similar features.

Replacement and Equivalent:

The alternative of this transistor is 2N3906, 2N4403, BC556, and BC327. Keep in mind that the output pins of some equivalents are different So please see the pinout details of the equivalent transistor before replacing it in the circuit.

BC557 Transistor Applications:

The Transistor BC557 can be used in a wide range of electronic applications, such as:

  • Amplifiers: The BC557 can be used as a low-power audio amplifier due to its low noise and distortion characteristics.

  • Switches: The BC557 can be used as a switch in electronic circuits, especially in low-power applications, where it can control the flow of current.

  • Voltage regulators: The BC557 can be used in voltage regulator circuits as a shunt regulator or as a series regulator.

  • Signal processing: The BC557 can be used in signal-processing circuits, such as filters, oscillators, and mixers.

  • Darlington pairs: The BC557 can be used in a Darlington pair configuration, which is two transistors connected in a way that increases their current gain.

  • LED driver: The BC557 can be used as an LED driver in low-power applications, as it can control the current flow through the LED.

  • Power supply control: The BC557 can be used to control the power supply voltage in electronic circuits.

How to protect Transistor BC557:

For the long life of this transistor it is essential to not operate it under -45V DC in your electronic circuits, always use a suitable resistor on-base point, do use this transistor for more than -100mA load, the operating and storage temperature. The temperature should be under -65 to +150 Centigrade, and always check the pinout of the transistor before placing it in By chance wrongly placed, then check the transistor again before placing it in the circuit because wrong input can weak its performance.

BC557 As a Switch Circuit:

As we use a transistor as a switch it is operated in Saturation and cut Off region. A transistor acts as an open switch during forwarding bias and a closed switch during reverse bias. The maximum base current should be 5mA for BC557 Transistor as mentioned above in the features. More current than 5mA will kill the Transistor. So a resistor is always added in series with the base pin. The value of the resistor can be calculated by using this formula.

RB  = VBE / IB

BC557 Transistor as a switch

BC557 As an amplifier:

The BC557 transistor can be used as a low-power audio amplifier in electronic circuits. When used as an amplifier, the transistor is typically operated in a common emitter configuration, where the emitter is grounded, the input signal is applied to the base, and the output signal is taken from the collector.

Datasheet of BC557 Transistor:

Here's an example of the datasheet for the BC557 transistor from the manufacturer ON Semiconductor:

Datasheet: https://www.onsemi.com/pdf/datasheet/bc557-d.pdf

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